44 Types of Succulents

Succulents are plants that store water in arid climates. They keep water in their leaves to help them thrive, and as a result, parts of their leaves are thicker. Aloe is a common type of succulent that people are familiar with. Below you’ll find a list of 44 different types of succulents. Hope you find a favorite!

Senecio Radicans

Senecio RadicansPin

Photo Source: Unsplash

This quick growing succulent goes by many names, the most common is String of Bananas. It gets this nickname because it looks like a bunch of tiny green bananas are growing from it! This succulent is perfect for a hanging basket as its vines can get up to three feet long.

  • Zones 10-11
  • Full or partial light for 6-12 hours a day.
  • Needs a warm environment no cooler than 55 degrees.
  • Water when the soil is dry.

 

Senecio Serpens

Senecio SerpensPin

Photo Source: Spokane Plant Farm

This lovely succulent is also called Blue Chalksticks. It’s perfect for growing indoors or out. When grown in a pot it can get up to eight inches tall and produce small white flowers. If you choose to plant it outside it will get up to three and a half feet wide. This is perfect for planting alongside fences and gardens.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Full or partial light for at least 6 hours a day.
  • Thrives in temperatures 20-55 degrees.
  • Needs very little water.
  • Caution! This plant is toxic to both animals and humans.

 

Aloe Vera

Aloe VeraPin

Photo Source: The Growers Exchange

This may come as a surprise to many, but Aloe is actually a succulent! If allowed to mature and taken care of properly they can grow little yellow flowers. This medicinal plant is a great starter succulent. It has green leaves with white specks and little spikes going up the sides.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Bright, indirect light.
  • Needs very little water, only water about once every 3-4 weeks.

 

Adromischus Cristatus

Adromischus CristatusPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

This adorable little succulent is also known as the Crinkle Leaf Plant due the texture of its leaves. It grows up to two inches, so it’s perfect for cute tiny pots. It will produce a flower which grows up to 8 inches.

  • Zones 9-10
  • Prefers shaded areas
  • This plant hates the cold. Make sure to bring it inside if it gets below 55 degrees.
  • Dry soil.

 

Adromischus Maculatus

Adromischus MaculatusPin

Photo Source: llifle.com

This succulent is also known as Chocolate Drops because of the brown spots it develops. Although typically gray in color, it can change to brown and even develop purple spots. The plants grow up to 3 inches tall. It produces pale yellow flowers.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Bright light
  • Can handle temperatures as low as 25 degrees.
  • Dry soil

Kiwi Aeonium

Kiwi AeoniumPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

This is probably the most recognizable succulents around. The bright green leaves grow in a rose-shaped patter with a hint of red around the edges. It can grow up to 24 inches tall!

  • Zones 9-11
  • This plant does best indoors with about 6 hours of sunlight a day.
  • Will do best in   temperatures
  • Dry soil

 

Aichryson Laxum

Aichryson LaxumPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

Also known as Tree of Love, this succulent is a bit different looking. It resembles a tiny tree, hence its nickname. It has large dark leaves and clusters of yellow flowers.

  • Zones 6-9
  • Bright light
  • Great for cold areas as it can handle temperatures down to -10 degrees
  • Allow the top half of the soil to dry out before watering it again.

Aeonium Arboreum

Aeonium ArboreumPin

Photo Source: Joyus Garden

Also known as the Irish Rose because of its bright red leaves, this oval-shaped plant can get up to 3 inches tall. The yellow flowers it produces give it a great pop of color. This is a perfect plant to keep indoors.

  • Zones 10-13
  • Full light in colder temperatures and shade when it is a bit warmer.
  • If you choose to put it outside, make sure it won’t get below 50 degrees.
  • Water once per month.
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Aeonium Decorum

Aeonium DecorumPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

Popularly known as the Copper Pinwheel, this succulent forms beautiful rose patterned leaves. The green color is beautiful against the white and red edges of the plant. It can grow up to 18 inches tall and has white leaves.

  • Zone 10
  • Shaded areas
  • This plant does best between 65-75 degrees which means most people choose to keep it inside.
  • Only water the plant when it is extremely dry.

Adenium Obesum

Adenium ObesumPinPinPinPinPin

Photo Source: 123 rf

This plant is more roots than leaves. It almost looks like something out of a fairytale. It has a large root system that rises above the dirt with a bushel of leaves on top. Occasionally they will also produce bright red flowers.

  • Zones 11-12
  • Full light
  • Prefers temperatures between 15-95 degrees. Very sensitive to frost.
  • Prefer dry soil. Only water once between October and February.

Aloe Aristata

Aloe AristataPinPinPinPinPin

Photo Source: Plant Desert

Also known as Lace Aloe, this succulent is very unique looking. The leaves have little teeth on them. Additionally, the tips of the leaves have tiny vines that weave together to look like lace. It produces orange flowers in the summer.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Bright Light
  • Best indoors with normal temperatures
  • Give it a good watering and then let it dry out before watering again. Never water in the winter months.

 

Aloe Brevifolia

Aloe BrevifoliaPin

Photo Source: Eastern Leaf

This short-leaved aloe plant is exactly what it sounds like – it is just like a regular aloe plant but with smaller leaves. The Aloe Brevifolia grows in the shape of a rose and can get up to one foot tall. It has orange flowers that grow in the springtime.

  • Zone 9
  • Bight light
  • Bring inside if it gets below 20 degrees
  • Water when the topsoil is dry

Christmas Carol

Christmas Carol PlantPin

Photo Source: Pic Click

This is a beautiful plant for any time of the year, regardless of its name. It has dark green and red star-shaped leaves that can grow up to about a foot tall. During the summer it will grow pink flowers.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Indirect light
  • Keep above 70 degrees
  • Water once every few weeks. Be careful because it is very susceptible to root rot.

Dorian Black

Dorian Black plantPin

Photo Source: North South Succulents

The name of this succulent is a bit deceiving as it isn’t black at all! It actually has white and green leaves and can grow up to six inches tall. It is an aloe plant which also grows orange and red flowers.

  • Zones 10-11
  • Partial to full shade
  • Keep above 30 degrees
  • Water once every few weeks

Aloe Haworthioides

Aloe HaworthioidesPin

Photo Source: Cactus Art

This aloe plant is fast growing and very unique looking. The leaves have tiny white vines on them, almost resembling threads. During the spring the grow orange flowers.

  • Zones 9-13
  • Strong, bright light
  • Keep around 75 degrees
  • Once every 3 weeks, do not water in the winter

Aloe Juvenna

Aloe JuvennaPin

Photo Source: Llifle

Also called Tiger Tooth Aloe this plant has thick spiky leaves that are much taller than they are wide. It can grow up to 12 inches. The leaves are green, but if the plant is feeling stressed they will turn a red color.

  • Zone 9
  • Partial light
  • Bring indoors if the temperature gets to 20 degrees or below
  • Water once every 3 to 4 weeks

Beaucarnea Recurvata

Beaucarnea RecurvataPin

Photo Source: Green Souq

This succulent is more commonly called the Ponytail Palm. Seeing what it looks like there is no need for an explanation, as it looks just like a messy ponytail. It has a thick trunk that stores water and long leaves that resemble hair. If it is grown indoors it can get up to four feet tall.

  • Zones 9-10
  • Bright light for half the year and indirect light for the other half
  • Do not let it get below 50 degrees
  • Water once every two weeks

Ceropegia Woodii Variegata

Ceropegia Woodii VariegataPin

The pink heart-shaped leaves that grow on the vine of this plant help give it its nickname String of Hearts. It can get up to four inches tall, although the vines can stretch as far as 12 feet.

  • Zone 11
  • Full or partial sun
  • Keep above 40 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

​Cotyledon Tomentosa Bear’s Paw

​Cotyledon Tomentosa Bear’s PawPin

Photo Source: Mountain Crest Gardens

This succulent’s name comes from its leaves, which look like tiny green paws. They can grow up to 20 inches and have orange and red bell-shaped flowers.

  • Zones 9-10
  • Full light for six hours a day
  • Keep above 30 degrees
  • Water once a week

Crassula Exilis

Crassula ExilisPin

Photo Source: Llifle

This is an odd looking succulent. The long thin red leaves give it the nickname of Fairy Tongue. Once a year it will grow star-shaped purple flowers.

  • Zone 10-11
  • Full light
  • Keep above 30 degrees
  • Water once every two weeks

Crassula Capitella

PinPinPinPinCrassula CapitellaPin

Photo Source: Planet Desert

The propeller-shaped leaves and light red tips give this succulent a unique look. It won’t get very tall, only about six inches, but it can grow up to three feet wide.

  • Zones 1-9
  • Partial to full sunlight
  • Keep above 30 degrees
  • Water once every 2-3 weeks

Crassula Falcata

Crassula FalcataPin

Photo Source: https://indoor-plants.net

This succulent grows well indoors. It is unique because of its propeller-shaped leaves. The leaves are overlapping and are grayish green in color. It can grow up to two feet tall, with leaves up to four feet.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Full light
  • Keep above 50 degrees
  • Water once every 3 weeks

Crassula Muscosa

Crassula MuscosaPin

Photo Source: Leaf and Clay

This is a succulent with small compacted leaves. It looks like a bush and is colored light green and can grow up to 12 inches tall. The Crassula Muscosa also has little flowers that are yellow-green in color.

  • Zone 9
  • Six hours of direct sunlight
  • Keep above 20 degrees
  • Water three times a week

Crassula Ovata

Crassula OvataPin

Photo Source: Crocus

These plants have very crowded branches filled with shiny leaves. They can range in color from jade green to almost yellow. When they are healthy they resemble little trees.

  • Zones 10-11
  • Four hours if direct light a day
  • Keep between 65 and 75 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

Crassula

Crassula succulentPin

Photo Source: Leaf and Clay

This tiny succulent has green leaves with red edges. It only grows up to six inches tall and about 5 inches wide. During the spring it produces small white flowers.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Bright light
  • Keep above 30 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

Delosperma Sphalmanthoides

Delosperma SphalmanthoidesPin

Photo Source: Simply Succulents

Also known as Tufted Ice, these plants have small bluish tube-shaped leaves. During the summer and fall, it produces pink and magenta flowers.

  • Zones 7-10
  • Partial to full light
  • Keep above 55 degrees
  • Water once a week

Drosanthemum Speciosum

Drosanthemum SpeciosumPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

This is one of the largest succulents on our list. It can grow up to two feet tall and has small shimmering leaves. It produces yellow, red and orange flowers which will only open in the afternoon on hot days.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Full sun
  • Keep above 20 degrees
  • Water once every two weeks

Euphorbia Milii

Euphorbia MiliiPin

Photo Source: India Mart

This type of succulent is also classified as a shrub as it can get about a foot and a half tall and three feet wide. It has smooth bright green leaves that turn gray as the plant matures. The stems have sharp spines which tend to grow through the leaves.  

  • Zones 8-11
  • Full light
  • Keep between 65 and 75 degrees
  • Dry once every two weeks

Echeveria Elegans

Echeveria ElegansPin

Photo Source: Sempervivums by post

This plant is sometimes called a Mexican Snowball. The nickname comes from the leaves’ round shape and blue-green-gray color. They produce yellow flowers with pink tips. They are perfect for outdoor planting.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Full light
  • Keep above 25 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

Echeveria

EcheveriaPin

Photo Source: Clarenbridge Garden Centre

This rose shaped succulent is also called the Black Prince because of its color. It only grows about three inches tall and three inches wide. The leaves are dark purple with dark red flowers that grow in the fall and early winter

  • Zones 9-11
  • Six hours of direct light a day
  • Keep above 20 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

Echeveria Imbricata

Echeveria ImbricataPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

This succulent is a light blue color with pink edges. It grows up to eight inches tall and produces yellow flowers. This is one of the more common types of succulents used to decorate the insides of homes.

  • Zone 9
  • Direct light
  • Keep around 70 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

Echeveria Runyonii

Echeveria RunyoniiPin

Photo Source: Mountaincrest Gardens

The Echeveria Runyoni grows very quickly and can get up to five inches tall. It has thick blue leaves that have a white tint which makes them appear dusted with powder. In the fall they produce yellow and orange flowers.

  • Zones 8-10
  • Partial to full light
  • Keep above 20 degrees
  • Water once every 2 to 3 weeks

 

Euphorbia Tirucalli

Euphorbia TirucalliPin

Photo Source: Cactuslimon.net

This type of succulent is the larges tone on our list, growing up to twenty-five feet tall! It has large cylindrical branches that are yellowish green with red tips. The plant might be large, but the leaves are small, typically getting no bigger than half of an inch.

  • Zone 10
  • Full light for six hours a day
  • Keep at least 70 degrees
  • Water once every 2 to 3 weeks
  • Caution! This plant is toxic to animals and humans

 

Faucaria Tigrina

Faucaria TigrinaPin

Photo Source: Altman Plants

Also known as Tiger’s Jaw this tiny succulent has layers of green leaves with spikes on the sides. As the plant grows this causes them to look like the mouth of a tiger. The leaves are less than have an inch wide and it will get about two inches tall. In the fall they produce large yellow flowers.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Three hours of direct light each day
  • Keep between 70-90 degrees
  • Water once every 2 weeks

Fenestraria rhopalophylla

Fenestraria rhopalophyllaPin

Photo Source: llifle.com

Also known as Baby Toes, this small succulent has thick leaves shaped like the toes of a baby. During the summer they produce yellow flowers that closely resemble daisies.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Indirect light
  • Keep around 50 degrees
  • Water once every 3 weeks

Gasteria

GasteriaPin

Photo Source: Altman Plants

Also called Little Warty, this green and white succulent has bumps on its leaves that look like warts. It might not sound cute, but it actually is! It does not produce any flowers but is a popular choice for desk decorations.

  • Zone 10
  • Partial light
  • Keep above 30 degrees
  • Water once every 2 to 3 weeks

Graptopetalum Paraguayense

Graptopetalum ParaguayensePin

Photo Source: Annies Annuals

This plant has the nickname of Ghost because its leaves get skinnier the taller they grow. This gives it a wispy ghost-like appearance. The leaves grow from the middle of the plant in the shape of a rose, almost as if a spirit is rising from the plant.

  • Zones 8-11
  • Partial to full light
  • Keep above 55 degrees
  • Water once every 3 weeks

Graptoveria

GraptoveriaPin

Photo Source: Cactus Plaza

This succulent, also called Fred Ives is dense with purple and pinkish leaves. When left out in the sun its leaves can turn shades of blue, green, yellow and orange. It grows up to eight inches tall and has yellow flowers that bloom in the summer.

  • Zones 9-11
  • Six hours of light.
  • Keep above 20 degrees.
  • Water once a week.

Graptopetalum

GraptopetalumPin

Photo Source: Mountain Crest Gardens

This one is also known as Silver Star. It has grayish-green leaves that form a dome-shaped rosette. With sun exposure, the leaf tips get a rosy hue. This succulent grows to about six inches tall and six inches across.  The silver star blooms only in springtime, producing pink and white flowers.

  • Zones 10-11
  • Six hours of partial light
  • Keep above 10 degrees
  • Water once every two weeks

Hylotelephium Sieboldii

Hylotelephium SieboldiiPin

Photo Source: Plant Identification

This succulent is also known as October Daphne or October Plant. It has parallel branches coming from a central point. The plant features bulbous green-blue or blue-silver leaves. It features bright pink star-shaped clusters of flowers amongst the spiraling leaves.

  • Zones 6-9
  • Full light
  • Can survive -10 degrees
  • Water once every 3 weeks

Hetaira Salicornioides

Hetaira SalicornioidesPin

Photo Source: https://shop.pistilsnursery.com/products/hatiora-salicornioides

Also known as Drunkard’s Dream or Bottle Cactus, this is a somewhat shaggy cactus. It grows upright, elliptical and lanky, and in the wild can grow to about 24 inches tall. The cactus produces flowers that are yellowish-orange colored and bell-shaped.

  • Zones 10-12
  • Indirect light and up to 14 hours of darkness
  • 45-65 degrees in winter; 75-80 degrees in summer
  • Water three times a week in the summer, water it once a week in winter

Haworthia Fasciata

Haworthia FasciataPin

Photo Source: Succulent Zone

Zebra Haworthia or Zebra Plant has leaves which are thick and dark green with white stripes. Their shape is triangular and upward-pointing. In October and November white flowers bloom.

  • Zone 10
  • At least 10 hours of sunlight
  • 65-80 degrees, never below 50
  • Water once every two weeks

Kalanchoe thyrsiflora

PinPinPinPinKalanchoe thyrsifloraPin

Photo Source: Wikipedia

This succulent is also known as Paddle Plant or Desert Cabbage. It has smooth, oar-shaped horizontal leaves forming a rose shape. The color is grayish-green, and when exposed to sunlight the leaves get a reddish tint. Mature plants can have yellow flowers.

  • Zones 10-11
  • Plenty of bright light
  • 60-85 degrees
  • Soak when two inches of soil dries out

Kalanchoe Pumila

Kalanchoe PumilaPin

Photo Source: World of Succulents

Some believe the small type of succulent known as Flower Dust or Silver Gray has medicinal value. It has spiky edged leaves and grows to 12 inches tall. The plant features violet-pink, yellow-anthered flowers.

  • Zone 9
  • 6-8 hours of direct sunlight
  • Keep above 55 degrees
  • Water once per week

Sources:

Plants Rescue

Succulents and Sunshine

Urban Organic Yield

 

We hope you’ve enjoyed this list and found your favorite type of succulent plant! You may also love our list of different flower types.